News is information about recent events, as reported by newspapers, radio and television. It may be about a crime, a celebrity, an accident, a scandal or a change in law or government.
The main purpose of news is to inform, educate and entertain. It can also be used to inform and teach about political issues and social changes.
It can be important, but it must be accurate and fairly presented. Otherwise it will not be useful.
There are five basic criteria which journalists use to decide whether or not an event is news: newness, unusuality, significance, interestingness and people.
1.Newness: The information in a news article must be new to the reader or listener. It cannot be old or even well known.
2.Unusualness: The event must be something which is not normally associated with the area in which it happens. For example, the discovery of an insect living on a flower which has never before been seen is new. This could be a very big news story in a specialist magazine, but it would not be worth reporting in a general news broadcast or paper.
3.Importance: The event must be something which has an immediate effect on the lives of many people. It can also be a cause for national or international discussion.
4.Interest: The event must be something which is of interest to a wide audience. It can be interesting because it has a particular theme or because it is about people in a way which is different from the normal thing to do.
5.Significance: The event must be something which has a particular significance in the lives of many people. It can be significant because it has an immediate effect on the lives of many more people than usual, it could have a political impact, or it might be important to the history of the country or the world.
6.Information: The news should be information which has been obtained through interview, court documents, Census reports or Internet sites. The information must be attributed in the report to the source from which it came, and the reporter must say where the material was gathered.
7.People: The people in the news are important, especially if they are well-known. If a famous person falls from power, loses their fortune or is involved in a scandal it makes a big news story. If a famous person has an illness or an injury which affects their public image it is of great importance to people who care about them, such as their relatives.
8.Importance: The people in the news are very important because they can make or break a society. It is important that they are not mistreated or abused, and that their views and opinions are heard.
9.Another Important: The people in the news are very important, because they can make or break a society. They can make us laugh or cry, they can help us to understand the problems of the society and they can be a source of inspiration.